Fascism (in italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the authoritarian political movement which ruled italy 1922-1943 under the leadership of benito mussolinithe name comes from fascio, which may mean bundle, as in a political group, but also fasces, the roman authority symbol of a bundle of rods and axe-head. Communism vs fascism diffen social sciences history while communism is a system based around a theory of economic equality and advocates for a classless society, fascism is a nationalistic, top-down system with rigid class roles that is ruled by an all-powerful dictator. Fascism was invented in italy and first came to power with benito mussolini's government in 1922, so surely the italian case must be included although adolf hitler's movement in germany went by a different name, national socialism or nazism, it recognized a strong kinship with mussolini's fascism.
Fascism and the right in europe 1919-1945 is the best short introduction to the history of european fascism and the authoritarian right in the years up to 1945 currently available whilst intended primarily as a basic undergraduate text, it frequently transcends the genre for which it was conceived, not only offering a succinct and well. In 1940, italy entered world war ii as an ally of germany and declared war on the allies however, italy was not prepared for such a large war early victories became defeats as the italian army became spread out across a number of fronts. The ideologies of fascism and nazism and the rise of the dictatorships in germany, italy and spain threatened the democratic countries of europe such as britain, france and the netherlands communism posed another threat to democracy as did the rise of militarism in japan.
The main difference between fascism and nazism is rooted in the socioeconomic and sociopolitical climate of their country of origin, at the time they were developed, italy and germany respectively, which is deeply imprinted in both of them. Fascism was the governing ideology of germany and italy it was fascist thinking that led both countries to believe that they were right to start the war and that they could win it. Italian fascism is based upon italian nationalism and in particular seeks to complete what it considers as the incomplete project of risorgimento by incorporating italia irredenta (unredeemed italy) into the state of italy. Fascism originated in italy around 1919, when then-marxist benito mussolini - yes, italy's former duce was a marxist at first - founded the so-called 'fasci di combattimiento', fighting forces consisting of world war i veterans. The rise of fascism in italy and nazism in germany i general background factors: each of these four general factors has the effect of discrediting the existing parliamentary government in italy and germany and strengthening the appeal of extremists like the fascists and nazis.
Designed for secondary school and college student research, this work is a readable history and ready reference guide to the rise of fascism and the forces that brought about world war ii an introductory essay presents the most recent scholarship in a clear overview of the development of fascism in germany and italy. In the aftermath of germany and italy's loss in world war ii, fascism became a discredited political ideology it does exist to some degree on the fringe of society, but only remnants of it exist in current, active global governments. Both fascism and nazism were important political ideologies early in the 20th century they gave rise to world war ii, and worked to implement ideas and attitudes on entire nations of people the world is a significantly different place due to mussolini's italy and hitler's germany.
Italy sent a battleship to shell the dictator's palace and that was enough to convince him to leave but, in italy, there was a man who was carefully watching the fiume experiment with fascism that man was benito mussolini, a long-time political activist. Life in fascist italy life in mussolini's italy was little different from other dictatorships which existed between 1918 and 1939 nazi germany and stalin's russia were to use (and expand) on developments that had been in existence in fascist italy since the 1920's. The rise of fascism in germany occurred for several reasons first, the harsh punishment meted out to germany at the end of wwi crippled the german economy and made life in germany incredibly hard. Fascism is a political ideology that started with mussolini and his hunger for italy to be a great and powerful state like the ancient roman empire fascism is based on extreme nationalism focused on mainly military power to control the people. The rise of fascism in italy and nazism in germany held portentous future for the world their extremely nationalistic policies, and their ever- readiness to go far war which they glorified as sign of national visibly before long pushed the world to that second world war which wreaks havoc on humanity.
Fascism in europe was composed of numerous ideologies present during the 20th century which all developed their own differences from each otherfascism was born in italy subsequently, several movements across europe which took influence from the italian faction emerged. Italian fascism during the inter-war years (1919-1938) summary in 1915, the french, british, and russians had promised territory to italy in exchange for joining the allied cause. Fascism was an authoritarian political movement that developed in italy and several other european countries after 1919 as a reaction against the profound political and social changes brought about by world war i and the spread of socialism and communism.
In italy totalitarianism emerged in the shape of fascism under the leadership of benito mussolini the world 'fascism' draws its root from the roman word 'fascio' which means a bundle of rods, which was once the emblem of the authority of roman victors it emerged as a movement in the post world war. Benito mussolini was the founder of fascism and leader of italy from 1922 to 1943 after world war i, italy was rocked by economic depression, political turmoil, and popular dissatisfaction from the little territory obtained from the separation of the austro-hungary empire. Communism vs fascism germany and italy supported spanish overview in this lesson students will learn about the. Once in power adolf hitler turned germany into a fascist state fascist was originally used to describe the government of benito mussolini in italy mussolini's fascist one-party state emphasized patriotism, national unity, hatred of communism, admiration of military values and unquestioning obedience.
Mussolini and the rise of fascism fascism arose in europe after world war i when many people yearned for national unity and strong leadership in italy, benito mussolini used his charisma to establish a powerful fascist state. In italy is where the modern ideology of fascism was founded the symbolism of the fasces (latin for 'bundle', as in bundle of sticks) is related to the modern italian word fascio , used in the 20th century to designate peasant cooperatives and industrial workers' unions. An introductory essay presents the most recent scholarship in a clear overview of the development of fascism in germany and italy additional essays analyze the crucial aspects of the history of fascism―from the facists' seizure of power in italy and germany, to the economy and society of these nations to the resistance to these governments.