Therefore, by studying the communication abilities and development of language in chimps and other great apes, we can learn more about ourselves and our own language capabilities to begin to examine the communication of the chimpanzee, one must first gain a general understanding of primate communication in general. Nonverbal communication among primates  nonverbal communication is a type of communication that occurs without the use of words and is continuous this includes the act of communicating with one another via body language or other symbolism to convey meanings. Language and nonhuman primates some researchers have tried to teach apes to use language because of the structure of their vocal organs, apes can't say words, but they can communicate using signs or computers.
Most people familiar with communication systems agree that humans have language, and that all the primates up through monkeys don't have language it is also thought that apes don't have or use language in the wild. Some scholars assume the development of primitive language-like systems (proto-language) as early as homo habilis, while others place the development of symbolic communication only with homo erectus (18 million years ago) or with homo heidelbergensis (06 million years ago) and the development of language proper with homo sapiens, currently. Abstract promising results from early animal language studies were discarded after revelations of methodological problems were uncovered this lent evidence to a biological explanation of the development of language, championed by some linguists and psychologists, who claim that linguistic skills are uniquely human.
Great ape language research into non-human great ape language has generated a great deal of evidence suggesting that apes are capable of using sophisticated communication with humans and other apes. Communication that may resemble human language, eg combinations of words/signs, intonation, and body-language, within a natural social context, we cannot claim that language is unique to the human species. Even if there is no language box or language organ that genes instruct the brain to form during childhood, still the cortical and other development distinguishing us from other primates has some genetic substrate that makes a human brain develop in a baby, rather than a chimp brain. Apes and human language humans have probably always recognized a family resemblance in the great apes the name we use for the great tree-dwelling, red-haired apes of borneo comes from the indonesian orang, person, and hutan, jungle. Research on learning the entire genome of common chimpanzees was completed in 2005a comparison between this and the human genome (completed in 2001) show s that 96 % of dna base pair sequences of humans and chimpanzees are the same.
The team thinks the insights could provide exciting clues as to how human language developed, and lead to new teaching techniques for people with communication problems, such as children with autism. Humans vs primates (or humans as primates) is sometimes included as a minor topic in first-level courses in biology eg a-level biology, human biology , human anatomy & physiology and related subjects that may be preliminary requirements for entry into careers in health sciences or animal welfare.
In their introduction to language in primates, the editors answer the question: this project would shed light not only on the nature of language and cognitive and intellectual capacities, but also on such issues as the uniqueness of human language and thought (de luce & wilder 1983: 1) such projects also shed light on the development of. Diana monkeys are some of the most clever monkeys when it comes to language monkeys live together in social groups all members contribute by helping to defend food sources, raise young, and. The early primate ancestors of humans might have raised gestural communication to a new height when they developed the ability to use gestures as symbols for objects or ideas.
Considerable knowledge is available on the neural substrates for speech and language from brain imaging studies in humans, but until recently there was a lack of data for comparison from other animal species on the evolutionarily conserved brain regions that process species-specific communication. The acquisition of language in primates may shed light on the development of language in early humans in this sense, research of primate language and primate tool use offer similar insight into our early ancestors. Were made in russia, france, cuba, and other parts of the world the 1920s and 1930s also saw the beginning of attempts to teach language to chimpanzees.
Sign language and computer keyboards are used in primate language research because non-human primate vocal cords cannot close fully, and they have less control of the tongue and lower jaw however, primates do possess the manual dexterity required for keyboard operation. Barnett highlights the inseparability of language from man when he says, verbal communication is a condition of the existence of human society but at the same time, other animals also communicate: your cat may let you know when its hungry, ants use pheromones and sound to indicate social status and distress, bees dance to tell one. In the cambridge encyclopedia of human evolution, editors jones, martin, and pilbeam conceded that 'there are no non-human languages,' and then went on to observe that 'language is an adaptation unique to humans, and yet the nature of its uniqueness and its biological basis are notoriously difficult to define' [emphasis added.